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Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)

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  • Needles: About 1" long with a blunt tip. Needles are green above with 2 white bands underneath.

  • Fruit: Woody cones 2 to 4 inches long; pitchfork-shaped bracts are longer than scales. Cones hang down.

  • Twig: Large pointed buds with reddish-brown, overlapping scales.

  • Distribution: Abundant in western North America from British Columbia to Mexico. Grows at sea level along the coast to 7000 ft. (2200 m) in the Cascades and Sierras, and to 11,000 ft. (3400 m) in the southern Rockies.

For more information about this species, see "Trees to Know in Oregon".

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